The Digital Library of the Caribbean is working with libraries, archives and publishers to ensure preservation and provide access to influential political and cultural periodicals via a new dLOC project, the Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library. Several scholars have compiled summaries and links for a few of the nearly 150 titles already available online at: http://www.dloc.com/cndl
dLOC will provide open access to regional newspaper digitization projects including literary journals, traditional newspapers, government gazettes, and other works in newsprint. This initiative builds upon dLOC’s work in the Caribbean and the University of Florida’s historical Caribbean newspaper preservation program.
If you have any questions or suggestions for new titles, please contact the project coordinator at firstname.lastname@example.org
DIGITAL LIBRARY OF THE CARIBBEAN (DLOC) is a cooperative digital library for resources from and about the Caribbean and circum-Caribbean. dLOC provides access to digitized versions of Caribbean cultural, historical and research materials currently held in archives, libraries, and private collections. For more information go to http://www.dloc.com
Kyk-Over-Al – Georgetown, Guyana
Issues online range from 1948-1998
Named after the colonial Dutch Fort in Guyana, Kyk-Over-Al was established by the British Guiana Writers Association in 1945 and published under the editorship of A.J. Seymour until 1961. Publishing poetry, fiction, book reviews, and essays on current political and cultural debates, the journal published Guyanese and other Caribbean authors, frequently featuring Martin Carter and Wilson Harris. Kyk-Over-Al was integral to the promotion of Guyanese literature and national consciousness during the development of nationalism in the Anglophone Caribbean and the West Indian Federation (1958-1962). The journal was linked by purpose and common contributors to the Barbadian literary magazine Bim and the Jamaican Focus. With them, it made invaluable contributions to the development Anglo-Caribbean literature. With issue 28 (December 1961), Kyk-over-Al stopped publication until 1984 when it was revived under the editorship of Ian McDonald and published ten issues, including two double issues culminating in June 2000 the double issue 49/50. For more information, see A.J. Seymour, “Literature in the Making—the Contribution of Kykoveral,” Kyk-over-Al (7:33/34 1986, pp. 3-8).
Summary contributed by Leah Rosenberg, Associate Professor, Department of English, University of Florida
Jamaica Journal – Kingston, Jamaica
Issues online range from 1967-2008
The Jamaica Journal is the flagship publication of the Institute of Jamaica and the Caribbean’s leading cultural publication on Jamaica’s heritage. Published in 1967, Jamaica Journal’s coverage of a wide range of topics including history, literature, science and the arts is an important source for Jamaican research.
Summary contributed by Clover Johnston Director, Development & Public Relations, Institute of Jamaica
Eme Eme – Santiago, Dominican Republic
Issues online range from 1972-1992
Eme Eme was published by Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra today known as Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra. Eme Eme was born with the aim of spreading the research conducted at the university. It was a bimonthly publication; its first issue was published in June-July 1972 and ceased publication in March 1992.
Summary contributed by Dulce María Núñez de Taveras, Director, Rafael
Herrera Cabral Library, Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra
La Ronde and La Nouvelle Ronde – Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Issues online range from 1901-2 and 1926 http://www.dloc.com/BA00000233/00001
Seven issues are available for La Ronde, a literary journal of young intellectuals who sought to revitalize the nation through spirited prose and humanism. Its authors, including Dantès Bellegarde, Fernand Hibbert, and Georges Sylvain, became known as the generation of the Ronde. Many of the authors wrote separate books that are also accessible in the Digital Library of the Caribbean general collection.
Like the Ronde, the Nouvelle Ronde brought together the ideas of a new generation of Haitian intellectuals. Some of its writers, including Philippe Thoby-Marcelin and Antonio Vieux, were critical of the earlier generation of the Ronde for embracing European culture and French humanism instead of Haiti’s African traditions. Others discussed governance, intellectualism, and feminism, among other topics.
Summary contributed by Adam Silvia, Ph.D. Student, Department of History, Florida International University
Abeng – Kingston, Jamaica
Issues online range from February – September 1969
The Abeng group was a political centre for the Black Power movement, socialists, the independent trade union movement, Rastafarians, supporters of the opposition People’s National Party and people disaffected with the two main political parties. Abeng became a focal point of critique and activism against the ruling Jamaica Labour Party and a harbinger of the radicalism in Jamaica in the 1970s. The Abeng newspaper’s Managing Editor was Robert Hill (UWI graduate student) and other editors included George Beckford (UWI lecturer), Rupert Lewis (UWI graduate student) and Trevor Munroe (Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University).
Summary contributed by Dr. Rupert Lewis, Professor of Political Thought in the Department of Government, Associate Director of the Centre for Caribbean Thought and Associate Dean for Graduate Studies in the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of the West Indies, Jamaica
Aruba Esso News –Lago-Colony, Aruba
Issues online range from 1943-1985
The Aruba Esso News is a well-known newspaper in Aruba in the last century, especially to the LAGO community, where it was published by the Lago Oil and Transport Company. It contains news articles or other announcements and pictures of Aruba over the period from 1943 to 1985. About 837 issues can be consulted online.
Summary contributed by Des Croes, Head of the Arubiana Department, National Library of Aruba
Justice – Fort-de-France, Martinique
Issues online range from January-May 2010
Founded in May 1920 by Jules MONNEROT, Justice has been the voice of the Communist Party in Martinique for 90 years. It is the oldest journal in Martinique and is part of the country’s patrimony.
Submitted by Sylvain Houdebert, Library Director, University of the Antilles and Guyane
Diario de la Marina – Havana, Cuba
Issues online range from 1899-1960
Diario de la Marina was one of Havana’s largest and longest running newspapers, founded in 1832. It relocated to Miami in 1960, where it was published until 1961. During the years of the Republic (1902-1959), it generally supported right-of-center positions and politicians. However, the newspaper’s cultural section was directed by Marxist intellectual José Antonio Fernández de Castro, who opened the pages to leftist poets and essayists. Black intellectual Gustavo Urrutia published his column, Ideales de una raza (renamed to Armonías in 1931) dedicated to discussions of racial issues in its pages, from 1928 until 1959.
Summary contributed by Alejandra Bronfman, Associate Professor, Department of History, University of British Columbia
Le Nouvelliste – Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Issues online range from 1899-1979 http://www.dloc.com/UF00000081
Founded in 1898 by Guillaume Chéraquit, under the name Le Matin, or The Morning, The Nouvelliste received its current name a little more than a year later when it was purchased by the printer Henri Chauvet and poet Oswald Durand became the new director. Appearing weekly, the paper provided reports on the news in Haiti and comments on events overseas, along with editorials, letters to the editor, important presidential addresses, and advertisements. Its staff and contributing writes included many of Haiti’s leading intellectuals from the twentieth century including the famous novelist Jacques Roumain. The paper continued production during the U.S. Occupation and under the Duvalier dictatorships. Even though François Duvalier and his son Jean-Claude curtailed the freedom of the press, the paper maintained its readership and provided information as best it could given the circumstances. Continuing to the present, Le Nouvelliste has undergone stylistic changes to keep up with the evolving global trends in journalism and is now available in print and on the internet.
Summary contributed by Erin Zavitz, PhD Student, Department of History, University of Florida
Tapia – Tunapuna, Trinidad and Tobago
Issues online range from 1969-1976
An outgrowth of the Tapia House Group, founded in Tunapuna, Trinidad and Tobago, by Lloyd Best in 1968, Tapia debuted on Sunday, September 29, 1969 as a weekly periodical to continue the mission of Best and the New World Group, a contingent of independent Trinidadian thinkers who questioned the economic, social and political systems of their time. The inaugural issue describes the views of Tapia the Movement to empower the people at the community level. Challenging the government’s authority, Tapia’s issues reflect the ideas of a segment of Trinidad’s intellectual elite who in George Lamming’s words had “one singular cause – independent thought and Caribbean freedom.” Articles and essays written and published by Best and his followers in Tapia criticize the writings, politics and philosophies of such noted Caribbean intellectuals as Eric Williams and Derek Walcott as the ideas of “foundering fathers” whose works do not accurately reflect the ideals of an independent Afro-Caribbean people, but rehash the ideas of a European colonial history. As the movement evolved into a political party, the final issue published on December 26, 1976 reflects the anger of Tapia, the political party, at Trinidad’s failure to fulfill their expectations of a new West Indian society based on their concept of a democracy and a civil society liberated from the Caribbean’s colonial past.
Summary contributed by Dr. Jo Anne Harris, Brittain Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Literature, Communication & Culture, Georgia Institute of Technology